What is Linux, its history and advantages? What is Linux Used for On Chromebook

 Do you know what Linux is? What can we use this Linux operating system for? Whether you take any gadgets from smartphones to cars, supercomputers or your home appliances, this Linux operating system is popular everywhere. We may not know much about it, but we are always using it.

It has been more than 30 years since Linux came. It came first among us in the mid-90s. And since then, due to its usefulness, it has fully maintained its ambition in all devices and will continue to do so. Those who have used Linux operating system before, they will know about its utility but those who are not yet familiar with it, then I want to tell those people that we use it in all the devices. Which we use with common means. With this, it is used in almost entire internet servers, even in stock exchanges.

Mainly because of this more reliable, secure and error-free operating system, everyone wants to use the Linux kernel. And one thing it is completely open source and also free, which helps the developers to customize it in their own way. So today I thought that why should you all be provided complete information about what Linux is so that you too have complete knowledge about this best open source operating system. So, let's start the delay and know what Linux is after all.

(Linux Operating System)

What is Linux, its history and advantages? What is Linux Used for On Chromebook

Linux is a very popular version of the UNIX operating system. It is an open source software as its source code is freely available in internet. With this, you can use it absolutely free, to say that it is completely free.
Linux was designed keeping in mind the compatibility of UNIX. Therefore, its functionality list often resembles that of UNIX. Being Linux open source, developers can customize it according to their needs. With this, it is a very reliable operating system for computers.

Who is the owner of Linux?

Since Linux licensing is open source, Linux is freely available to anyone. But still the trademark "Linux" goes to its creator, Linus Torvalds. The copyright of the source code of Linux OS goes in the name of many individual authors, so it has been collectively kept under the GPLv2 license.

Since Linux is behind a very large group who have contributed to it and which took years to develop, it is not possible to contact them individually, so the license of Linux was included under GPLv2. Which includes everyone's consent.

How did Linux get started?

Linux was created by Linus Torvalds in 1991, when he was a university student at the University of Helsinki. Torvalds created Linux as a free and open source alternative to Minix Os, another Unix clone and used mainly in academic settings.

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He first thought of renaming it as "Freax", but the administrator of the server whom Torvalds had chosen to distribute his Origonal code had named his directory as "Linux" which was a combination of Torvalds' first name. And Unix. It was so nice to hear this name that it was not changed later.
Linux System Components
If seen, Linux Operating System mainly consists of three components.

1. Kernel - This is the core part of Kernel Linux. It is responsible for all major activities happening in the operating system. Other modules are meager and involve direct interaction with the underlying hardware. Kernel prevents the information of low-level hardware details from reaching the system or application programs or behaves like an abstraction.
2. System Library - System libraries are called special functions or programs which are used to access the features of application programs or system utility Kernel. These libraries implement almost all functionalities of the operating system and they do not even need kernel module’s code access rights to do so.

3. System Utility - System Utility is those programs that are specialized, and responsible for performing individual level tasks.

Advantages of linux
Here I am going to tell you about some very important features of Linux Operating System.

1. Portable - Portability means that this software can run the same way in all types of hardware. Linux kernel and application programs support almost all hardware platforms.

2. Open Source - Linux source code is freely available and is a community-based development project. Multiple teams work by collaborating so that the capacity of the Linux operating system can be increased and hence it is always evolve.

3. Multi-User - Linux is a multiuser system which means that multiple users can use all its system resources such as memory / ram / application programs at the same time.

4. Multiprogramming - Linux is a multiprogramming system which means that multiple applications can run simultaneously at the same time.

5. Hierarchical File System - Linux provides a standard file structure so that system files / user files can be easily arranged.

6. Shell - Linux also provides a special interpreter program which has to execute the commands of the operating system. Along with this, it is also used to do other different operations, call application programs.

7. Security - Linux also provides very good security feature to users such as password protection / controlled access to some specific files / even data encryption etc.

Linux operating system features
1. Hardware layer - This hardware layer contains all peripheral devices (RAM / HDD / CPU etc).

2. Kernel - This is the core component of Os, which interacts directly with the hardware, with it providing low-level service to the upper layer components.

4. Shell - This is an interface of kernel, which hides the complexity of functions of kernel from users. These shells take commands from users and execute kernel’s functions.

4. Utilities - These are said to be the utility programs that provide all functionalities of operating systems to the user.

Less command 

If you are going to use Linux for the first time and you do not even know about Linux then you must know about basic common Linux commands. Here I am going to give you a list of Linux commands in Hindi, which will be of further use to you, note that I have provided only the list of commands here and not about their syntax, syntax You can teach from the place, which is very easy.

1. ls: This will list the current directory content.
2. cd: With this you can change your current directory.
3. cat: With this you can display the file content on the screen, copy and combine the text files with it.
4. History: With this you can see all the executed commands list in the screen.
5. chmod: With this you can change the file permission.
6. chown: With this you can change the file owner.
7. clear: With this you can clear screen for fresh start.
8. df: From this you can see the used and available disk space.
9. Date: With this you can display the current system date and time.
10. du: From this you can know how much space is taken from which file.
11. file: With this you can recognize mehjud type of data in the file.
12. Find: With this you can search any term in the file.
13. man: With this you can display help for specific command.
14. cp: With this you can copy files and folders.
15. mv: This allows you to rename and move files and Directory.
16. mkdir: With this you can create a new directory.
17. lpr: With this you can print any file content.
18. less: With this you can see the file content page by page.
19. tar: With this you can compress, create and extract any file.
20. grep: This allows you to search for a string in a file.
21. ssh: With this you can connect and login (encrypted & secure) with remote machine.
22. su: With this you can switch to different user.
23. rmdir: You can remove empty directory from it.
24. rm: From this you can remove files and directories (empty or non-empty).
25. pwd: With this you can get the current user working directory displayed.
26. ps: With this you can display other information with running process id.
27. passwd: with this you can change the user password.
28. more: Any file page by page can be displayed by this.
29. Kill: With this you can kill any process with the help of their process id.
30. gzip: With this you can create a compress file with .gz extension.
31. unzip: With this you can unzip or uncompress a file.
32. shutdown: This can shutdown the machine.
33. free: can be used to dhow
34. top: With this you can show the top process according to CPU usage.
35. Who: With this you can display the information of current user which is logged in.
36. whereis: from this you can get the location of any command (where they are stored)
37. Whatis: With this you can show any command information in a single line.
38. tail: This allows you to print the last ten lines of any file.
39. wget: You can download any file from the internet, rename it and store it anywhere.

What is distribution?

There are many various versions of Linux OS which is suitable for all kinds of users. Here you've got different versions for everybody from new users to clique users. These versions are called distributions. All Linux distributions are often easily downloaded for free of charge and may even be installed later by burning them to a disk.
Here you'll see the foremost popular Linux distributions:

Ubuntu Linux
Linux mint
Arch linux
All these distributions are mehud with different features and you ought to also choose them consistent with your needs.

For more resources

If you would like to understand more about Linux then I even have provided the link of such below website here which can provide you more information about this great OS.
Be sure to see these links where you'll know more about Linux:

Linux.com: Here you're ready to get all the knowledge about Linux. (news, how-tos, answers, forums, and more)
Linux.org: Here you're ready to get all the knowledge about Linux kernel. (Along with beginner, intermediate, and adavanced tutorials)
Howtoforge: Linux tutorials here
Linux knowledge domain and Tutorial: many tutorials here.
Is Linux OS completely Virus / Malware free?
The answer is not any . there's no OS within the world that's 100% resistant to Viruses and Malware. But there has never been any widespread malware-infection in Linux yet, if we compare it to Windows.

It is also true that users using Linux OS are only a few , if we compare it with Microsoft Users. By the way, the most purpose of malware or virus is mass destruction. In such a situation, no programmer will waste his precious time during this work, because the users are only a few . this is often why Linux doesn't have many Virus.

Linux is architecturally very strong and thus it's very resistant to security threats. Remember that Linux is Kernel and GNU / Linux is an OS.

Technically speaking, you can't found out a Linux system without a root password and without a user password. this suggests that each user of Linux features a password except 'Guest'. In Windows, a user can create a profile without a password.

Due to of these features, fear of Virus and Malware within the Linux OS is extremely less.

Application of Linux Operating Systems
Linux greatly assists the film industry by becoming a render farm where movies still run on many machines.
Linux is additionally utilized in the TV system for the menu system.
All Android mobiles run on the Linux platform.
You can even automate your home.
All Internet connection routers run on Linux.
Small disk storage system manufacturers also run on Linux.
Web App and Website Hosting also .
All internet servers, databases, websites are run and maintained by the Linux OS .
All stock exchanges also run on Linux platforms.
You can also run an Old and Slow PC fast.
Linux OS is additionally wont to process payment altogether ATMs.
It is wont to make any computer game machine and dedicated media center.
Future of Linux Operating Systems
No one is in a position to believe that Linux is that the OS of the longer term . this is often because Linux is present within the foundation of just about all the newest technologies. you can't imagine any future technology without Linux. Embedded systems is one such example where Linux is heavily used and where Linux is primarily wont to create and maintain these applications.

All the large organizations are now using Linux the foremost consistent with the OS . Since there are many such great features in it, their demand is increasing day by day. With this, many system administrators are changing their job profile from windows to Linux OS .

To learn any new technologies like cloud computing, virtualization, VMware, database administration, it's vital for you to possess knowledge about Linux. So it seems to me that the longer term of Linux OS is extremely bright in future.

I sincerely hope that I even have given you complete information about what's Linux (Hindi in Hindi) and that i hope you all have understood about what's Linux in Hindi. I request all of you readers that you simply too should share this information in your neighborhood, relatives and friends, in order that we'll have awareness among us and everybody will benefit tons from it. i want your support in order that I can convey more new information to you.

It has always been my endeavor that I always help my readers or readers from all sides, if you people have any doubt of any kind, then you'll inquire from me irresponsibly. i will be able to definitely attempt to solve those Doubts. does one have this text Linux OS
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